Etiology and Risk Factors

The cause of CML is unclear. Some associations with genetic and environmental factors have been reported, but in most cases no causative factors can be identified.

Genetic Factors

There is little evidence linking genetic factors to CML. Offspring of parents with CML do not have a higher incidence of CML than does the general population.

Environmental Factors

Nuclear and radiation exposures, including therapeutic radiation, have been associated with the development of CML. Exposure to chemicals has not been consistently associated with greater risk.